MMORPG programming in Silverlight Tutorial(10)Implement the spirit’s 2D animation (Part IV)

Coordinator
Mar 2, 2010 at 2:23 AM
Edited Mar 2, 2010 at 5:06 AM

    Now it is time to introduce how to integrate A* Algorithm into the sprite’s 2D animation. If you follow my tutorial from the beginning, you will find it is easy.

    First, I must introduce a new concept, map. Map is the soul of the game, but now in my demo, it is simply a Image control. Let’s add it in our game:

image

 
private Image map;

void InitMap()
{
    map = new Image()
    {
        Width = 800,
        Height = 600,
        Source = new BitmapImage(new Uri(@"Map/Map.jpg", UriKind.Relative))
    };

    Carrier.Children.Add(map);
    map.SetValue(Canvas.ZIndexProperty, -1);
} 

     In the picture above, some regions are obstruction. I mark them in blue color.

    The left code is similar to that I described before. I don’t plan to spend time on it, please refer to my old articles.

    OK, press Ctrl+F5, you can see the effect as follow:

image 

    Now it is time to resolve the issue left in the previous chapter. We find when the sprite is moving, the path array is align to the left top corner of the sprite, rather than the foot of the sprite. It is not suitable to our real world. We must find way to adjust it.

image

    I declare two variables, indicate the distance between the root and the left top of the sprite, in x-coordinate and y-coordinate.

int spriteCenterX = 80;
int spriteCenterY = 100; 

    Then I modify part of the function Carrier_MouseLeftButtonDown:

//scale down the coordinate of start and end
int start_x = (int)(Canvas.GetLeft(sprite) + spriteCenterX) / gridSize;
int start_y = (int)(Canvas.GetTop(sprite) + spriteCenterY) / gridSize;
start = new Point(start_x, start_y);

……

for (int i = 0; i < framePosition.Count(); i++)
{
    //add keyframe in X-coordinate
    LinearDoubleKeyFrame keyFrame = new LinearDoubleKeyFrame();

    keyFrame.Value = i == 0 ? Canvas.GetLeft(sprite) : (framePosition[i].X - spriteCenterX);
    keyFrame.KeyTime = KeyTime.FromTimeSpan(TimeSpan.FromMilliseconds(cost * i));
    keyFramesAnimationX.KeyFrames.Add(keyFrame);

    //add keyframe in Y-coordinate
    keyFrame = new LinearDoubleKeyFrame();
    keyFrame.Value = i == 0 ? Canvas.GetTop(sprite) : (framePosition[i].Y - spriteCenterY);
    keyFrame.KeyTime = KeyTime.FromTimeSpan(TimeSpan.FromMilliseconds(cost * i));
    keyFramesAnimationY.KeyFrames.Add(keyFrame);
}

    OK, let’s press Ctrl+F5 once again, you can find the issue is resolved:

image

Summary: This chapter merge A* algorithm into our game engine, and resolve alignment issue left in the previous chapter.

    Next chapter, we will transfer our attention on map implementation. Please focus on it.

    Chinese friend, you can also visit this Chinese blog if you feel difficult to read English, http://www.cnblogs.com/alamiye010/archive/2009/06/17/1505346.html, part of my article is base on it.

    Demo download: http://silverlightrpg.codeplex.com/releases/view/40978

Oct 27, 2010 at 10:44 AM

I've got a problem with this tutorial ...

The implementation is good, but my hero / sprite doens't move exactly where i click. I think it's because we use a 20px square to move? in this square if i click at 1,1 or at 20,20 it will have the same result.. but some times it's feel strange to me... Can we improve this part anyway?